26 January, 2013

Orthodox Western Saints for Today

Pre-Schism Saints of the Orthodox Roman Patriarchate*
26th January, (13th January O.S.):

  • AGRECIUS (AGRITIUS), predecessor of St. Maximinus (29th May) as bishop of Trier.   He was a participant in the Council of Arles in A.D. 314, and reposed circa A.D. 333.   According to a Life composed in the eleventh century, St. Agrecius was aided by St. Helen, who procured for him the garment of our Lord, known as the Holy Coat of Trier.
  • ANDREW, the twelfth Bishop of Trier (present-day Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany), who reposed circa A.D. 235.   According to some chroniclers he was also a martyr.
  • BERNO, a monk at St. Martin in Autun.   He went on to restore Baume-les-Messieurs and found monasteries at Gigny, Bourg-Dieu, Massay and Cluny, where he served as abbot until A.D. 926, reposing in A.D. 927

  • ELIAN (EILAN, ALLAN), (sixth century), he is believed to have been born in Cornwall, and was a member of the family of St. Ismael (16th June).   The towns of Llanelian in Anglesey and Llanelian in Clwyd are named in his honour, and St. Allen’s church in Cornwall is dedicated to him.
  • ELIAN AP ERBIN, (fifth century), there are no certain details on this saint extant, aside from his appearance on some Welsh Calendars.   It is possible that he is the same saint as the St. Eloan, another fifth century A.D. saint, whose Feast is also kept on 12th January.
  • ELOAN, (fifth century), there is no information on this saint extant, and it is quite possible that he is the same as St. Elian ap Erbin, another fifth century A.D. saint, whose Feast is also kept on 12th January (vide supra).
  • ENOGATUS, the fifth successor of St. Malo (15th November) as bishop of Aleth in Brittany.   He reposed in A.D. 631.
  • ERBIN (ERVAN, ERBYN, ERME OR HERMES), Erbin was a Cornish saint, who most likely lived in the fifth century A.D.   There are churches dedicated to him and his name appears in several Calendars.   It appears that he was related to one of the Cornish or Devonian chieftains of his time.   For reasons unknown, his name has sometimes been spelled Hermes, confusing him with the ancient martyr of that name.
  • GUSEMINDUS AND SERVUSDEI, two martyrs, one a parish-priest, the other a monk, who suffered in Cordoba under Abderrahman II in A.D. 852.

  • HILARY, born in Poitiers to pagan patrician parents.   He married early in life and became Orthodox shortly afterwards.   In A.D. 353 he was consecrated Bishop of Poitiers, and immediately commenced a campaign against Arianism, resulting in his exile to Phrygia by the Arian Emperor Constantius.   However, the Arians in Phrygia found St. Hilary to be even more objectionable, and demanded that he be recalled to Poitiers.   He returned to Poitiers in A.D. 360 and reposed in 368.

  • KENTIGERN MUNGO, Our father among the Saints Kentigern of Glasgow (in Latin: Cantigernus and in Welsh: Cyndeyrn Garthwys or Kyndeyrn), also known as St. Mungo, was a late sixth century A.D. missionary to the Brythonic Kingdom of Strathclyde.   St. Kentigern is venerated as the Apostle of what is now northwest England (including Cumbria and the Lake District) and southwest Scotland, and is a patron saint of Glasgow.

    What we know of this saint comes from a twelfth century Life, which is of questionable reliability.   It seems he was a grandson of a British prince in Southern Scotland, and raised by St. Serf (1st July) in a monastic school at Culross on the Firth of Forth.   He was consecrated the first Bishop of the Britons of Strathclyde and founded the Church of Glasgow.   Driven from Strathclyde by persecution, he went to Wales, where he is believed to have founded St. Asaph monastery, and then to Cumbria.   He eventually returned to Strathclyde where he reposed A.D. 612; his reputed tomb stands in the cathedral.
  • MARTYRS OF ROME, forty soldiers who were martyred on the Via Lavicana in Rome under Gallienus in A.D. 262.
  • POTITUS, (date unknown), a youth who is venerated as a martyr near Naples.
  • VIVENTIUS, an eastern priest who travelled to Gaul, where he attached himself to St. Hilary of Poitiers.   St. Vivetius ended his life as a hermit circa A.D. 400.

* - Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said "The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies."

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