25 January, 2013

Orthodox Western Saints for Today

Pre-Schism Saints of the Orthodox Roman Patriarchate*
25th January, (12th January O.S.):

  • ARCADIUS, a prominent citizen of Caesarea near Algiers, who under Maximianus Herculeus was slowly and barbarously mutilated until he died circa A.D. 302.
  • BENEDICT BISCOP, St. Benedict Biscop was a Northumbrian of noble birth, who spent his youth at the court of King Oswiu.   Returning from his second pilgrimage to Rome, A.D. 666, he became a monk at Lérins.   Three years later, he accompanied St. Theodore (19th September) to Canterbury, where he became Abbot of the monastery of SS. Peter and Paul (later St. Augustine’s).   He went on to found the monasteries of St. Peter at Wearmouth (A.D. 674) and St. Paul at Jarrow (A.D. 682).   St. Benedict was an ardent advocate of Roman liturgical practice, and was well known for his enthusiasm for art and learning, returning from each of his five trips to Rome with numerous paintings, relics, and manuscripts.   He was responsible for bringing John the Archcantor of St. Peter’s in Rome to England to teach Roman chant, and is said to have introduced the use of glass windows and stone in the construction of English churches.   St. Benedict’s Life was written by St. Bede the Venerable (25th May), who was St. Benedict’s charge from the age of seven.
  • CAESARIA, the sister of St. Caesarius of Arles (27th August) and abbess of the convent founded there by her brother.   St. Caesaria reposed circa A.D. 530.
  • JOHN OF RAVENNA, the Bishop of Ravenna from A.D. 452 until his repose in A.D. 494.   He saved his flock from the fury of Attila the Hun, and alleviated its suffering when the city was taken by Theodoric, King of the Ostrogoths.
  • PROBUS, an early Bishop of Verona who reposed circa A.D. 59.
  • SALVIUS (SALVE, SAUVE), a Bishop of Amiens in Gaul.   He reposed circa A.D. 625 and his relics were enshrined in Montreuil in Picardy.
  • TATIANA AND COMPANIONS, a renowned virgin-martyr of the eminent Tatian family, who, along with others, was tortured and slain for the Orthodox Faith in Rome circa A.D. 225.
  • VICTORIAN OF ASAN, founder of Asan (later re-named San Victorian after him) in the Pyrenees.   St. Victorian reposed circa A.D. 560.
  • ZOTICUS, ROGATUS, MODESTUS, CASTULUS AND COMPANIONS, (date unknown), a group of forty to fifty soldiers martyred in North Africa.

* - Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said "The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies."

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